Identification of African swine fever (ASF) in wild boars in Belgium
On the 13th of September 2018, African swine fever (ASF) virus was confirmed for the first time since 1985 in 2 wild boars in the municipality Etalle (province of Luxembourg). In this region very few domestic pigs are kept (most swine farms are located in the northern part of Belgium).
There are no outbreaks in domestic swine and strict measures have been taken to prevent contamination of domestic swine. An infected zone is established (see map below). All new cases in wild boars were found in the same region.
The Federal minister of Agriculture has decided to eradicate all domestic swine in the infected zone by 2 October 2018. It must be made very clear that his is merely a preventive eradication to prevent the contamination of domestic swine and to protect animal health and the commercial interests of the Belgian Pork industry. It is certain that products of these eradicated swine will not enter the food chain or be used for the feed industry.Compensation for the destructed domestic swine of all affected farmers will be provided by the Sanitary Fund (Belgian) and European funds, reserved for animals disease outbreaks. Other economic compensation will be provided by the Walloon Region.
It should be emphasized that the potential risk lies in the spreading from wild boars to domestic and captive wild pigs, but that this risk is very limited since the necessary measures are taken.
Taking into account the definitions included in Chapter 15.1.3 of the OIE Terrestrial Code, Belgium lost its disease-free status for African swine fever in all suids. Belgium currently still has a free status for domestic and wild pigs kept in captivity.
- Initial attestation of the CVO EN - FR (13/09/2018)
- Renewed attestation of the CVO EN - FR (15/10/2018)
It is important to be reassuring :
- African swine fever is limited to wild boars in a small area of the southern part of Belgium (no outbreaks in domestic swine), and the necessary and preventive measures are taken to control and avoid dissemination of the disease.
- All domestic swine in the infected zone has been eradicated under the supervision of the FASFC and the repopulation of farms in this zone is forbidden. No products of these eradicated swine will enter the food chain or will be used in the feed industry.
- Notwithstanding, the certification conditions laid down in the relevant protocols concluded between Belgium and the non-EU countries (third countries) will be scrupulously respected.
Measures are taken as provided in Article 15 of European Union Directive 2002/60/EC and supplementary national regulations and consist of the following :
- Measures are also enforced throughout the country to reduce the risk of spreading :
- Ban on assembling of swines
- Avoid contact with wild boars
- Increased biosecurity for the entire sector
- Increased surveillance
In the infected zone, the following measures are taken:
- Zoning :
- Permanent monitoring of wild boars
- limiting hunting to avoid dissemination
- limiting human activities in forest
- increased biosecurity
- analysis of all sickness/death
- eradication of all domesticated swine by October 2, 2018
- no repopulation of the swine farms
Press releases and additional information are available on the website of the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain:
Dr. Vet. Philippe Houdart, Head of the Crisis Prevention Department: +32 (0) 2 211 82 81 - Mobile number: +32 (0) 478 50 01 72 - firstname.lastname@example.org
Map of Belgium with the infected zone
Map in detail