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African swine fever


Situation in Belgium
African swine fever (ASF) virus in wild boar in Belgium: Situation and detailed information - last update 04/12
Advice of the Scientific Committee
Press release




Situation in Belgium

 

Identification of African swine fever (ASF) in wild boars in Belgium

- Initial attestation of the CVO EN - FR (13/09/2018)

- Renewed attestation of the CVO EN - FR (03/12/2018)

New

New implementing decision of the European Commission of 23 November 2018: adjustment of the zoning by the European Commission

It is important to underline that this new decision by the European Commission is neither due to a deterioration in conditions among wild boar, nor to an increased risk.

 

There are no outbreaks in domestic swine.

No pigs remain in zone II and zone I south (decision of the Federal minister of Agriculture to eradicate all domestic swine by 2 October 2018).

Strict measures have been taken for the whole country to prevent contamination of domestic swine.

 

Based on European legislation and following consultation with the federal authorities and regional Walloon authorities, the "infected zone" has now been replaced by two separate zones: "Zone I" and "Zone II". This formal decision is imposed by European legislation in the context of zoning and protection measures against ASF, according to the identified risk.

"Zone II" (see maps below) is deemed a high-risk zone and corresponds to the current kernel and buffer zone. "Zone I" (see maps below), where the risk is lower, corresponds to the current "reinforced observation zone" in the south, which has been extended towards the north with a new zone called the "vigilance zone". The latter zone, which is compulsory under European legislation, which imposes a peripheral zone I, entails less risk than the reinforced observation zone, and was only imposed by the EU for preventive reasons. Detailed information about the measures applied in the zones I and II can be found in the following press release (link).

ASF Cases

On the 30th of November 2018, a total of 477 carcasses of wild boar have been found in and outside the regulated zone and analyzed (or are still being analyzed) for the presence of ASF virus.

Of the 417 carcasses found in the regulated zone, 184 are positive for ASF (PCR). All the infected carcasses were found within the high-risk zone (zone II). None of the 60 carcasses found outside the regulated zone tested positive for ASF. Beside this, 139 wild boar have been shot and culled in the reinforced observation zone. All of them tested negative for ASF.

The high percentage of dead wild boars found in this early phase of the ASF epidemic points out the excellent work of the active search for dead wild boars. 

Important to know

  • African swine fever is limited to wild boars in a small area of the southern part of Belgium (no outbreaks in domestic swine), and the necessary and preventive measures are taken to control and avoid dissemination of the disease.
  • All domestic swine in the initial infected zone has been eradicated under the supervision of the FASFC and the repopulation of farms in this zone is forbidden. No products of these eradicated swine entered or will enter the food chain or will be used in the feed industry.
  • Notwithstanding, the certification conditions laid down in the relevant protocols concluded between Belgium and the non-EU countries (third countries) will be scrupulously respected.
  • Taking into account the definitions included in Chapter 15.1.3 of the OIE Terrestrial Code, Belgium lost its disease-free status for African swine fever in all suids. Belgium currently still has a free status for domestic and wild pigs kept in captivity.

- Initial attestation of the CVO EN - FR (13/09/2018)

- Renewed attestation of the CVO EN - FR (03/12/2018)

  • Measures are taken as provided in Article 15 of European Union Directive 2002/60/EC and supplementary national regulations. The detailed information about these measures can be found in the following document (PDF will be available soon).

Historic

On the 13th of September 2018, African swine fever (ASF) virus was confirmed for the first time since 1985 in 2 wild boars in the municipality Etalle (province of Luxembourg). In this region very few domestic pigs are kept (most swine farms are located in the northern part of Belgium).

The Federal minister of Agriculture has decided to eradicate all domestic swine in the infected zone by 2 October 2018. It must be made very clear that his is merely a preventive eradication to prevent the contamination of domestic swine and to protect animal health and the commercial interests of the Belgian Pork industry. It is certain that products of these eradicated swine will not enter the food chain or be used for the feed industry. Compensation for the destructed domestic swine of all affected farmers will be provided by the Sanitary Fund (Belgian) and European funds, reserved for animals disease outbreaks. Other economic compensation will be provided by the Walloon Region.

It should be emphasized that the potential risk lies in the spreading from wild boars to domestic and captive wild pigs, but that this risk is very limited since the necessary measures are taken.
 

Press releases and additional information are available on the website of the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain:

http://www.favv-afsca.fgov.be/businesssectors/animalproduction/animalhealth/africanswinefever/

http://www.favv-afsca.fgov.be/professionnels/publications/presse/2018/2018-09-13.asp

http://www.fasfc.be/professionnels/publications/presse/2018/2018-11-23.asp

Contact:

Dr. Vet. Philippe Houdart, Head of the Crisis Prevention Department: +32 (0) 2 211 82 81  - Mobile number: +32 (0) 478 50 01 72 -  philippe.houdart@favv.be

Map of the limitations of different zones following the new Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2018/1856 of the 28/11/2018

ZONE I :

Vigilance zone (zone I North)

Reinforced observation zone (zone I South)

ZONE II :

Kernel zone

Buffer zone

 



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African swine fever (ASF) virus in wild boar in Belgium: Situation and detailed information - will be updated soon This document will be immediately updated whenever there is a significant change of the situation and every two weeks regarding the number of cases.

- Annex 1: Council Directive 2002/60/EC of 27 June 2002 laying down specific provisions for the control of African swine fever and amending Directive 92/119/EEC as regards Teschen disease and African swine fever.

- Annex 2: Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2018/1242 of 14 September 2018 concerning certain interim protective measures relating to African swine fever in Belgium, and its Annex detailing the areas that should be comprised in the infected zone.

- Annex 3: Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2018/1281 of 21 September 2018 concerning certain interim protective measures relating to African swine fever in Belgium, and its Annex detailing the areas that should be comprised in the infected zone.

- Annex 4: Official CVO attestation of the OIE status of Belgium as “ASF free for domestic pigs and captive wild pigs”.

- Annex 5: Commission Implementing Decision (EU) of 27/11/2018 amending the Annex to Implementing Decision 2014/709/EU concerning animal health control measures relating to African swine fevr in certain Member States



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Advice of the Scientific Committe

-

The risk of spreading of the African Swine Fever virus in the Belgian wildlife and of spill-over in the Belgian swine sector (14/11/2018)

   
- Risks of introduction of African Swine Fever in Belgium. (21/03/2014)





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Press release

  23/11/2018 New implementing decision of the European Commission of 23 November 2018: adjustment of the zoning by the European Commission
     
  13/09/2018 Confirmation de 2 cas de sangliers porteurs du virus de la peste porcine africaine dans la commune d’Etalle (province du Luxembourg) (In french)

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